Nepal’s Ministry of Health has confirmed two cases of cholera in the valley. Two females, aged 18 and 23 years from Bagbazar, Kathmandu are currently undergoing treatment at the Sukraraj Tropical and Infectious Disease Hospital (STIDH), Teku.

According to Manisha Rawal, director at the STIDH, the two patients were unconscious when they were brought to the hospital, and were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU).¬† “They are now out of danger, and are undergoing treatment”, she added.

An additional three patients with cholera symptoms (acute diarrhea) are also undergoing treatment at the hospital, with their test results yet to come in. Doctors are warning against an outbreak in the valley.

According to the World Health Organisation, Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. It is an extremely virulent disease that can cause severe acute watery diarrhoea. It takes between 12 hours and 5 days for a person to show symptoms after ingesting contaminated food or water. Cholera affects both children and adults and can kill within hours if untreated.

As monsoons arrive, and with Kathmandu Valley still struggling to manage waste which had been lying uncollected for weeks, health experts are fearing it could contribute towards a cholera outbreak. Doctors and the Ministry of Health and Population (MoHP), fearing an outbreak have asked residents to pay attention to hygiene, and to ensure intake of clean water and food.