Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal (Prachanda) is scheduled to seek a vote of confidence in the House of Representatives on May 20.

This follows the constitutional requirement under Article 100 (2) of Nepal’s Constitution, which mandates the Prime Minister to seek a vote of confidence within 30 days if a coalition party withdraws its support.

The upcoming vote comes after the Upendra Yadav-led Janata Samajwadi Party (JSP), Nepal, withdrew its support on May 13, following internal party divisions. This will be the fourth instance where PM Dahal, who has been in office since December 25, 2022, will face a confidence vote.

The current coalition government, to continue, requires the backing of at least 138 Members of Parliament. In his last confidence vote on March 13, 2024, Dahal secured the support of 157 MPs after the Nepali Congress (NC) retracted its support.

Dahal’s second vote of confidence was on March 20, 2023, while his first took place shortly after his appointment, on January 10, 2023.